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Idaho ranks top U.S. producer of four commodities

Idaho milk production ranked fourth in the nation, but its value claimed the top spot within the state’s agricultural production in 2017.
Carol Ryan Dumas

Capital Press

Published on October 13, 2018 4:32PM

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Idaho remained the top producer in the nation in 2017 for trout, Austrian winter peas, barley and potatoes, but its peppermint oil production fell to second in the nation, according to USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Other commodities taking the No. 2 position included sugar beets, hops and alfalfa hay. The state remained the nation’s third-largest producer of cheese and the fourth-largest producer of milk.

The total value of Idaho’s agricultural production in 2017 was $7.49 billion, up 3 percent from 2016.

The value of Idaho’s crop production was $3.06 billion, an increase of 1 percent from 2016. The value of livestock production was $4.43 billion, up 4 percent from the previous year.

Milk remained king within the state with a value of $2.52 billion, up 7 percent from 2016 and representing 34 percent of Idaho’s total agricultural value.

Cattle and calves remained in the second position totaling $1.38 billion, down less than 1 percent from 2016 and representing 18 percent of the state’s total agricultural value.

Potatoes ranked third at $975 million, up less than 1 percent from the previous year.

Hay came in fourth at $718 million, up 7 percent from 2016.

Wheat rounded out the top 5 at $426 million, up 1 percent from the previous year.

Those top five commodities had a combined value of $6.01 billion, or 80 percent of the 2017 value for all commodities. The same five commodities in 2016 had a combined value of $5.81 billion, also 80 percent of the total value.

Sugar beets took the No. 6 spot within the state at $304.8 million, up slightly from 2016. Barley dropped one position to seventh at $230.1 million, a decline of 29 percent.

Corn for grain ranked No. 8 at $99.2 million, an increase of 19 percent from the previous year. Dry edible beans came in ninth at $83.0 million, up 16 percent from 2016.

Hops remained in the 10th position at $68.8 million, but the value of production was up 35 percent from the previous year.

While Idaho’s peppermint oil production ranked high in the nation, its value fell 12 percent to $29.6 million.

Other notable declines included lentils — down 44 percent to $8.79 million — and apples, down 15 percent to $8.15 million.


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